This course is designed for undergraduates seeking to discover what is happening in the Middle East today. Right now that region is at the center of American foreign policy initiatives. Why are we there? How were the nations of Iran, Iraq, Israel, and Syria created? Those questions as well as a thorough examination of terrorism and the ongoing civil war in modern Islam will be reviewed. The course will begin discussing the waning days of the Ottoman Empire and World War I and continue through the current crisis in Iraq and the standoff with Iran. The class will involve a series of lectures and discussions as well as the use of video presentations in order to enhance the learning experience.  Assignments will be of the take-home variety.

Select Bibliography on the Modern Middle East

  • Fouad Ajami. The Arab Predicament: Arab Political Thought and Practice Since 1967. New York: Cambridge, 1981.
  • ___. The Dream Palace of the Arabs: A Generation’s Odyssey. New York: Vintage Books, 1998.
  • Tariq Ali. The Clash of Fundamentalisms: Crusades, Jihads and Modernity. New York: Verso, 2002.
  • Karen Armstrong. Holy War: The Crusades and Their Impact on Today’s World. New York: Anchor Books, 1988.
  • ___. Islam: A Short History. New York: Random House, 2002.
  • Thomas Asbridge. The First Crusade: A New History. New York: Oxford, 2004.
  • Paul Aussaresses. The Battle of the Casbah. New York: Enigma Books, 2002.
  • Benjamin R. Barber. Jihad vs. McWorld: Terrorisms Challenge to Democracy. New York: Ballatine Books, 1995.
  • James Barr. Setting the Desert on Fire: T. E. Lawrence and the Britain's Secret War. New York: Norton, 2008.
  • Jack Beeching. The Galleys at Lepanto. New York: Scribners, 1982.
  • Peter L. Bergen. Holy War, Inc: Inside the Secret World of Osama bin Laden. New York: Free Press, 2001.
  • Nicholas Bethell. The Palestine Triangle: The Struggle for the Holy Land, 1935-48. New York:  Putnam, 1979.
  • James A. Bill. Musaddiq, Iranian Nationalism, and Oil. Austin: University of Texas, 1988.
  • Wolf Blitzer. Territory of Lies The Story of Jonathan Jay Pollard: The American Who Spied on His Country for Israel and How He Was Betrayed. New York: Harper & Row, 1989.
  • Mark Bowen. Guests of the Ayatollah. New York: Grove Press, 2006.
  • Jean-Charles Brisard and Guillaume Dasquie. Forbidden Truth: U.S.-Taliban Secret Oil Diplomacy and the Failed Hunt for Bin Laden. New York: Thunder Month/Nation Books Press, 2002.
  • Geraldine Brooks. Nine Parts of Desire: The Hidden World of Islamic Women. New York: Anchor, 1995.
  • Andrew and Leslie Cockburn. Dangerous Liaison: The Inside Story of the U.S.-Israeli Covert Relationship. New York: Harper Collins, 1991.
  • ___. Out of the Ashes: The Resurrection of Saddam Hussein. New York: HarperCollins, 1999.
  • Avner Cohen. Israel and the Bomb. New York: Columbia University Press, 1998.
  • Larry Collins and Doninque Lapierre. O Jerusalem! New York: Avon, 1972.
  • Youssef M. Choueiri. Arab Nationalism: A History. New York: Blackwell, 2000.
  • Shahram Chubin and Charles Tripp. Iran and Iraq at War. Boulder: Westview Press, 1988.
  • Steve Coll. The Bin Ladens: An Arabian Family in the American Century. New York: Viking/Penguin, 2008.
  • John K. Cooley. Payback: America's Long War In The Middle East. New York: Brassey's, 1991.
  • Chester Cooper. The Lion's Last Roar: Suez, 1956. New York: Haper & Row, 1978.
  • Martin Van Creveld. The Sword of Gideon: A Critical History of the Israeli Defense Force. Washington: Public Affairs, 2002.
  • Moshe Dayan.  Diary of The Sinai Campaign. New York: Schocken, 1967.
  • David Dereksen. The Crescent and The Cross. New York: Putnam's, 1964.
  • Tahar Djaout. The Last Summer of Reason. St. Paul, MN: Ruminator Books, 2001.
  • Charles M. Doughty. Travels in Arabia Deserta. New York: Doubleday, 1955.
  • Trevor N. Dupuy. How To Defeat Saddam Hussein. New York: Warner, 1991.
  • . Elusive Victory: The Arab-Israeli Wars. New York: Hero Books, 1984.
  • Abba Eban. An Autobiography. New York: Random House, 1977.
  • John L. Esposito. Unholy War: Terror in the Name of Islam. New York: Oxford, 2002.
  • ___. Political Islam: Revolution, Radicalism, or Reform? Boulder: Lynn Rienner, 1997.
  • John L. Esposito and Dalia Mogahed. Who Speaks for Islam? New York: Gallup Press, 2007.
  • Byron Farwell. Burton: A Biography of Sir Richard Francis Burton. New York: Viking Press, 1988.
  • Robert Fisk. Pity The Nation: The Abduction of Lebanon. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1991.
  • William H. Forbis. Fall of the Peacock Throne: the Story of Iran. New York: Harper and Row, 1980.
  • Thomas L. Friedman. From Beirut to Jerusalem. New York: Anchor, 1989.
  • ___. The Lexus and the Olive Tree: Understanding Globalization. New York: Anchor, 2000.
  • ___. Longitudes and Attitudes: Exploring the World After September 11. New York: Farrar Straus Giroux, 2002.
  • David Fromkin. The Peace To End All Peace. New York: Holt, Rinehart, Winston, 1989.
  • Carlotta Gall and Thomas de Waal. Chechnya: Calamity in the Caucasus. New York: Columbia University Press, 1998.
  • Andre Gerolymatos. The Balkan Wars. New York: Basic Books, 2002.
  • Martin Gilbert. Churchill and the Jews: A Lifelong Friendship. New York: Holt, 2007.
  • Jason Goodwin. Lord of the Horizons: A History of the Ottoman Empire. New York: Henry Holt, 1998.
  • Gershom Gorenberg. The End of Days: Fundamentalism and the Struggles for the Temple Mount. New York: Oxford, 2000.
  • ___. The Accidental Empire: Israel and the Birth of the Settlements. New York: Times Books, 2006.
  • Robert Graham. Iran: The Illusion of Power. New York: St. Martin's, 1979.
  • Dominic Green. Three Empires on the Nile. New York: Free Press, 2008.
  • Anton La Guardia. War Without End: Israelis, Palestinians, and the Struggle for a Promised Land. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 2001.
  • Jill Hamilton. Gods, Guns and Israel: Britain, the First World War and the Jews in the Holy City. London: Sutton, 2006
  • Seymour M. Hersh. The Samson Option: Israel's Nuclear Arsenal and American Foreign Policy. New York: Random House, 1991.
  • Chaim Herzog. The Arab-Israeli Wars: War and Peace in The Middle East. New York: Vintage, 1984.
  • Peter Hopkirk. The Great Game: The Struggle For Empire in Central Asia. New York: Kodansha, 1992.
  • Albert Houani. A History of The Arab Peoples. New York: Harvard, 1991.
  • Norman Housley. The Later Crusades: From Lyons To Alcazar, 1274-1580. New York: Oxford, 1992.
  • Fereydoun Hoveyda. The Broken Crescent: The 'Threat' of Militant Islamic Fundamentalism. Westport, CT: Praeger, 1998.
  • Mark Hubbard. Warriors of the Prophet: The Struggle for Islam. Boulder: Westview Press, 1998.
  • ___. Brutal Truths, Fragile Myths. Boulder: Westview, 2004.
  • Hala Jaber. Hezbollah: Born with a Vengeance. New York: Columbia University Press, 1997.
  • Roland Jacquard. In the Name of Osama Bin Laden. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2002.
  • Paul Johnson. A History of The Jews. New York: Harper, 1987,
  • Robert D. Kaplan. The Arabists: The Romance of an American Elite. New York: Free Press, 1995.
  • ___. Soldiers of God: With Islamic Warriors in Afghanistan and Pakistan. New York: Vintage Books, 1990.
  • ___. Eastward to Tartary: Travels in the Balkans, the Middle East, and the Caucasus. New York: Random House, 2000.
  • Karim H. Karim. Islamic Peril: Media and Global Violence. New York: Black Rose Books, 2000.
  • Efraim Karsh and Inari Karsh. Empires of the Sand. Cambridge: Harvard, 1999.
  • Samir al-Khalil. Republic of Fear: An Inside Story of Saddam's Iraq. New York: Pantheon, 1989.
  • J. B. Kelly. Arabia, The Gulf & The West. New York: Basic Books, 1980.
  • Gilles Kepel. Jihad: The Trail of Political Islam. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2002.
  • ___. The War for Muslim Minds: Islam and the West. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2004.
  • Majid Khadduri. The Gulf War: The Origins and Implications of the Iraq-Iran Conflict. New York: Oxford, 1988.
  • Michael T. Klare. Blood and Oil. New York: Henry Holt, 2004.
  • David Kimche and Dan Bawly. The Six-Day War: Prologue and Aftermath. New York: Stein and Day, 1971.
  • Lord Kinross. Ataturk: A Biography of Mustafa Kemal, Father of Modern Turkey. New York: Morrow, 1964.
  • Rudyard Kipling. Kim. New York: Penguin, 1901.
  • Dan Kurzman. Genesis 1948: The First Arab-Israeli War. New York: World, 1970.
  • Walter Laqueur. A History of Zionism. New York: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston, 1972.
  • T.E. Lawrence. Seven Pillars of Wisdom: A Triumph. New York: Anchor, 1935.
  • Bernard Lewis. The Multiple Identities of the Middle East. New York: Schocken Books, 1998.
  • ___. The Middle East: A Brief History of the Last 2,000 Years. New York Simon and Schuster, 1995.
  • ___. What Went Wrong? Western Impact and Middle Eastern Response. New York: Oxford, 2002.
  • ___. From Babel to Dragomans: Interpreting the Middle East. New York: Oxford, 2004.
  • David Levering Lewis. God's Crucible: Islam and the Making of Europe, 570-1215. New York: W. W. Norton, 2007.
  • B. H. Liddel Hart. Lawrence of Arabia. New York: De Capo, 1935.
  • Mary S. Lovell. A Rage to Live: A Biography of Richard and Isabel Burton. New York: W. W. Norton, 1998.
  • Frank McLynn. Burton: Snow Upon the Desert. London: John Murray, 1990.
  • Amin Maalouf. The Crusades Through Arab Eyes. New York: Schocken, 1984.
  • Sandra Mackey. The Saudis: Inside the Desert Kingdom. Boston: Houghton Miflin, 1987.
  • ____. The Reckoning: Iraq and the Legacy of Saddam Hussein. New York: W. W. Norton, 2002.
  • Patrick Macrory. Retreat from Kabul: The Incredible Story of How a Savage Afghan Force Massacred the World’s Most Powerful Army. Guilford, CT: Lyons Press, 2002.
  • Frank McLynn. Burton: Snow Upon the Desert. London: Fred Murray, 1990.
  • Peter Mansfield. A History of The Middle East. New York: Viking, 1991.
  • Amy Dockser Marcus. Jerusalem 1913: The Origins of the Arab-Israeli Conflict. New York: Viking, 2007.
  • Kati Marton. A Death in Jerusalem. New York: Pantheon, 1990.
  • Mark Mazower. The Balkans: A Short History. New York: Modern Library, 2002.
  • Karl E. Meyer and Shareen Blair Brysac. Tournament of Shadows. Washington, DC: Counterpoint Books, 1999.
  • Karl E. Meyer. The Dust of Empires: The Race for Mastery in the Asian Heartland. New York: Public Affairs, 2003.
  • Aaron David Miller. The Much Too Promised Land. New York: Bantam Books, 2008.
  • Judith Miller. God Has Ninety-Nine Names: Reporting from the Militant Middle East. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1996.
  • Judith Miller and Laurie Mylroie. Saddam Hussein and The Crisis in The Gulf. New York: Times Books, 1990.
  • Alan Moorehead. The White Nile. New York: Harper Collins, 1960.
  • ___. The Blue Nile. New York: Harper Collins, 1962
  • Benny Morris. 1948: The First Arab-Israeli War. New Haven: Yale, 2008.
  • Leonard Mosely. Power Game: Oil In The Middle East. Random House. 1973.
  • Shlomo Nakidmon. First Strike: The Exclusive Story of How Israel Foiled Iraq' Attempt To Get  The Bomb. New York: Summit, 1990.
  • Donald Neff. Warriors At Suez: Eisenhower Takes American Into The Middle East. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1981.
  • Edgar O'Ballance. No Victor, No Vanquished: The Yom Kippur War. Novato, CA: Presido Press, 1978.
  • . The Gulf War. New York: Brassey's, 1988.
  • Conor Cruise O'Brien. The Siege: The Saga of Israel and Zionism. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1986.
  • Michael B. Oren. Six Days of War: June 1967 and the Making of the Modern Middle East. New York: Oxford, 2002.
  • ___. Power, Faith, and Fantasy: American in the Middle East. New York: W. W. Norton, 2007.
  • Victor Ostrovsky and Claire Hoy. By Way of Deception. New York: St. Martin's, 1990.
  • Rithie Ovendale. The Origins of The Arab-Israeli Wars. New York: Longman's, 1984.
  • Trita Parsi. Treacherous Alliance: The Secret Dealings of Israel, Iran, and the U.S. New Haven: Yale, 2007.
  • Daniel Pipes. Militant Islam Reaches America. New York: W. W. Norton, 2002.
  • Kenneth M. Pollack. The Threatening Storm: A Case for Invading Iraq. New York: Public Affairs, 2002.
  • ___. The Persian Puzzle: The Conflict Between Iran and America. New York: Public Affairs, 2004.
  • Nicole and Hugh Pope. Turkey Unveiled: A History of Modern Turkey. New York: Overlook, 2000.
  • Gerald Posner. Secrets of the Kingdom. New York: Random House, 2005.
  • David Pryce-Jones. The Closed Circle: An Interpretation of the Arabs. New York: Harper, 1991.
  • Itamar Rabinovich. The Road Not Taken: Early Arab-Israeli Negotiations. New York: Oxford,1991.
  • Ahmed Rashid. Taliban: Militant Islam, Oil, and Fundamentalism in Central Asia. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2000.
  • ___.  Jihad: The Rise of Militant Islam in Central Asia. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2002.
  • Dan Ravin and Yossi Melman. Every Spy a Prince. New York: Houghton Miflin, 1990.
  • James Reston, Jr. Warriors of God. New York: Random House, 2001.
  • Edward Rice. Captain Sir Richard Francis Burton: A Biography. New York: Da Capo, 1990.
  • Jonathan Riley-Smith. The Crusades: A Short History. New Haven: Yale, 1987.
  • Will and Sharon Rogers. Storm Center: The USS Vincennes and Iran Air Flight 655. Annapolis,MD: Naval Institute Press, 1992.
  • Steve Runciman. The Fall of Constantinople 1453. New York: Cambridge, 1963.
  • Edward Said. Orientalism. New York: Vantage, 1979.
  • Ronald Sanders. The High Walls of Jerusalem: A History of the Balfour Declaration and the Birth of the British Mandate for Palestine. Holt, Rinehart, Winston, 1983.
  • Patrick Seale. Abu Nidal: A Gun For Hire. New York: Random House, 1992.
  • . Asad of Syria: The Struggle For The Middle East. Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1988.
  • Tom Segev. One Palestine, Complete: Jews and Arabs Under the British Mandate. New York: Henry Holt, 1999.
  • ___. 1967: Israel, the War, and the Year that Transformed the Middle East. New York: Metropolitan, 2007.
  • R.W. Seton-Watson. Disraeli, Gladstone, and the Eastern Question. New York: Norton, 1972.
  • Anthony Shadid. Legacy of the Prophet: Despots, Democrats, and the New Politics of Islam. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 2002.
  • Ze'ev Shiff and Ehud Ya'ari. Intifada: The Palestinian Uprising -- Israel's Third Front. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1990.
  • David K. Shipler. Arab and Jew: Wounded Spirits In A Promised Land. New York: Viking, 1986.
  • Avi Shlaim. The Politics of Partition: King Abdullah, The Zionists, and Palestine, 1921-1951. New York: Oxford, 1990.
  • ___. The Iron Will: Israel and the Arab World. New York: W. W. Norton, 2001.
  • R.C. Smail. Crusading Warfare, 1097-1193. New York: Cambridge, 1978.
  • Ehud Sprinzak. The Ascendance of Israel's Radical Right. New York: Oxford University Press, 1991.
  • Harry G. Summers. On Strategy II: A Critical Analysis of The Gulf War. New York: Dell, 1992.
  • Stephen Tanner. Afghanistan: A Military History from Alexander the Great to the Fall of the Taliban. New York: Da Capo, 2002.
  • Andrew Taylor. God’s Fugitive: The Life of C. M. Doughy. New York: Dorset Press, 1999.
  • Lowell Thomas. With Lawrence In Arabia. Garden City: Grove Books, 1924.
  • Kenneth R. Timmerman. The Death Lobby: How The West Armed Iraq. New York: Houghton  Miflin, 1991.
  • Louis Toscano. Triple Cross: Israel, The Atomic Bomb and The Man Who Spilled The Secrets. New York: Carol, 1990.
  • Yaroslav Trofimov. The Siege of Mecca. Garden City: Doubleday, 2007.
  • U.S. News and World Report. Triumph Without Victory: The Unreported History of the Persian Gulf War. New York: Times/Random House, 1992.
  • Milton Viorst. In The Shadow of the Prophet. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 2001.
  • Janet Wallach. Desert Queen: The Extraordinary Life of Gertrude Bell: Adventurer, Adviser to Kings, Ally of Lawrence of Arabia. New York: Anchor/Doubleday, 1996.
  • Bernard Wasserstein. Divided Jerusalem: The Struggle for the Holy City. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2001.
  • Jack Weatherford. Genghis Khan and the Making of the Modern World. New York: Crown, 2004.
  • Andrew Wheatcroft. The Ottomans: Dissolving Imagines. New York: Penguin, 1993.
  • ___. Infidels: A History of the Conflict Between Christendom and Islam. New York: Random House, 2004.
  • Jeremy Wilson. Lawrence of Arabia: The Authorized Biography of T.E. Lawrence. New York: Macmillan, 1987.
  • Herman Wouk. The Hope. Boston: Little, Brown, 1993.
  • ___. The Glory. Boston: Little, Brown, 1994.
  • Robin Wright. Sacred Rage: The Wrath of Militant Islam. Simon and Schuster, 1985.
  • . In The Name of God: The Khomeini Regime. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1989.
  • ___. The Last Great Revolution: Turmoil and Transformation in Iran.  New York: Vintage Books, 2000.
  • ___. Dreams and Shadows: The Future of the Middle East. New York: Penguin Viking, 2008.
  • M.E. Yapp. The Making of the Modern Middle East 1792-1923. New York: Longman's, 1987.
  • Daniel Yergin. The Prize: The Epic Quest For Oil, Money & Power. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1991.