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Militant Islamic groups can be found in the United States and have cells in many American cities. Steve Emerson has provided a map that locates key groups in the U.S. since 9/11.


     Name               Description         Activities            Strength          External Aid

Abu Nidal Group (ANG) Split from the PLO in 1974. Conducted terrorist strikes in 20 countries killing as many as 900. Unknown but once composed of other Palestinian groups including Black September. Once from Syria, Iraq, and Libya.
Abu Sayyaf Group (ASG) Islamic Group found in the Southern Philippines.


Kidnappings and Extortion.


Approximately 200 hardcore terrorists



Analysts believe aid has come from al-Qaeda and bin Laden
Al-Fatah Chief since its inception is Yasir Arafat, arm of the PLO. Have limited terrorist attacks since the Declaration of Principles in 1993. Curently at approximately 6,000 to 8,000 members Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, and other moderate Gulf States.
Al-Gama'a al-Islamiyya Eygpt's largerst Islamic terrorist group led by Shaykh Umar Abd al-Rahman, who is currently in prison in the U.S. and Ayman al-Zawahari. Conducts attacks on Egyptian security forces, Egypt's Coptic Christians, and foreigners, especially those murdered in 1997 at Luxor and an assassination attempt on Mubarak in 1995. Unknown but currently linked to al-Qaeda and Osama bin Laden. Many of the best fighters have combat experience in Afghan training camps. Cairo believes aid comes from Teheran, bin Ladin, and the former Taliban regime in Kabul.
Algerian Terrorism Islamic groups that began a terrorist campaign following the termination of the 1991 Algerian election. Those groups include: Armed Islamic Group (AIG), Islamic Salvation Front (FIS), Movement for an Islamic State (MIS), Army of the Prophet Muhammad, United Company of Jihad, Armed Islamic Movement (AIM). Attack police and Algeria security forces as well as those deemed enemies of Islam to include scholars, academics, writers, and secularists. See the novel, Last Summer of Reason Since 1992 over 1,500 people have been killed in the violence. Some within the last few weeks. The strength is currently uknown, but may run as high as a few thousand operating in rural and urban Algeria. Base of support may come from Sudan and Iran. Algiers severed diplomatic ties with Teheran in 1993.
Armed Islamic Group (GIA) Goal is to topple the secular Algerian government following the voiding of the 1991 election. Conducts attacks on journalists and foreigners and those deemed enemies of Islam. Strength unknow, but could range from a few hundred to a few thousands. Some members have been recruited into al-Qaeda. Iranian religious fanatics and the Islamic government of Sudan have aided the GIA.
Armenian Secret Army for the Liberation of Armenia (ASALA)

Orly Group; 3rd October Group

Marxist Leninist Group that emerged in 1975 with the goal of forcing Turkey to acknowledge the Armenian Genocide in 1915 and pay reparations for those crimes. Conducts bombings and selected assassinations of Turkish officials as well as bombings in Western Europe designed to force European governments to free Armerians prisoners. Currently operates in Lebanon, Western Europe, the United States, and the Middle East with only a few hundred active actios and their fellow travelers. May receive aid from Syria, especially before Assad's death and perhaps Libya and the PLFP and its off-shoot the PLFP-GC
Basque Fatherland and Liberty (ETA)

Euzkkadi Ta Askatasuna

Basque Homeland and Freedom

Founded in 1959 with the objective to create an independent Basque state under the Marxism. Assassinations and kidnappings as well as bombings. Kidnappings are used to help to fund their activities via ranson extracted from the victims families. The  attacks involve shootings or bombings of Spanish governement officials. By 2000 over 23 individuals were killed or wounded by the ETA.  The strength of ETA is currently unknown; however, ETA has slowly moved away from Marxism to Basque nationalism. Funding comes from Cuba and earlier Nicaragua and perhaps Libya.
Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine (DFLP) Marxist-Leninist founded in 1969 after it split with the PFLP. Believes only armed violence can achieve Palestinian goals. The hardliners, better known as the "Rejectionists," opposes all accommodation with Israel. Conducts small-scare border raids as well as full-scale terrorist operations inside Israel. Opposed to any accords reached with the Israeli government. Membership ranks approximately 500 in both organizations. In the past received aid and comfort from Syria.
Hamas Islamic Resistance Movement Created in 1987 and an off-shoot of the Muslim [Egyptian] Brotherhood. The group operates out of Gaza and the West Bank. This is not the same old PLO but conducts mass attacks on the Israeli Defense Forces and Israeli civilians. Suicide bombings is their calling card. There is a hardcore base and their numbers continued to grow with thousands of supporters and fellow travelers. Hamas more and more violent and dangerous. Receive outside aid from Iran, Saudi Arabia, Palestinian expiatriates in North America.
Hezballah Party of God.

Islamic Jihad, Revolutionary Justice Organization, Organization for the Oppressed of the Earth, Islamic Jihad for the Liberation of Palestine

Radical Shi'ia terrorist group that was formed in Lebanon and one of the most violent. Responsible for the bombing of the U.S. Marine Barracks and U.S. Embassy in Beirut and the kidnapping of American officials. Also conducted attacks on Jewish business in South America. Suicide bombings and kidnappings are their trademark. Militantly anti-Israeli and anti-Western. They emerged in the political jungle of Lebanonese politics. Thousands of supporters and hundreds of willing suicide bombers. Iran is their princile base of support. Syria was also an important souce of military aid.
Irish Republican Army (IRA) Grew out of the situation following the Easter Rising in 1916 and the subsequent partition, and Civil War in Ireland. Revived periodically throughout Irish history, but gained considerable steam during the Civil Right struggle in the 1960s. Currently the IRA operates with Gerry Adams, the spokeperson of the Sinn Fein, serving as their mouthpiece. Bombings and assassinations of Protestants, informers, and British Security Forces A few hundred; however untold sympathizers in Northern Ireland. Libya, former Soviet Union and Eastern Block, and American sympathizers.

Islamic Jihad, Egyptian Jihad, Jihad Group


Egyptian terrorist group that has been on the terrorist stage since the 1970s and a close ally of Osama bin Laden's Al-Qaeda group Conducts attacks aginst high Egypt officials by the use of car bombs and selective assassinations Strength is not available, but perhaps in the hundreds, but considerable popular will with the Egyptian masses. Operates in Cairo, Yemen, Pakistan,  Afghanistan, Sudan, Lebanon, and the UK Osama bin Laden Group, Iran, and Islamic charitable organizations
The Party of Democratic Kampuchea (The Khmer Rouge) The Khmer Rouge insurency finally ended in 1999 following a series of defections by key Khmer Rouge political figures Attacks on intellectuals and other Cambodians who were linked to the Old Regime and is depicted in the film The Killing Fields and killed two million Cambodians between 1975-1979 Found in rural Cambodia and numbered in the thousands Principal source of support came from the PRC
Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK) Another of the Marxist-Leninist terrorist groups founded in the 1970s. The objective was to create an independent Kurdistan Primary targets were Turkish security forces in Turkey and Turkish diplomats in Western Europe Anticipated PKK strength is numbered between 4,000 to 5,000 members While involved in active operations, foreign support came from Iraq, Syria, and Iran. Fearing the Turks, after signing an alliance with Israel, Syria expelled the PKK leader Ocalan in 1998
The Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE)

World Tamil Association, World Tamil Movement, Federation of Associations of Canadian Tamils, The Ellalan Force, The Sangillan Force

Founded in 1976 and is the most violent of all Tamil terror organizations in Sri Lanka. The Tamil guerrillas have adopted terrorism as a weapon since 1983 Use of bombs and suicide attacks on Sri Lankan officials Effective strength may number nearly 10,000; however, may analysts know very little of this group Lobbying foreign governments and the U.N. in behalf of Tamil independence. The bulk of funds come from Tamil communities in the UK and North America
National Liberation Army (ELN)


Marxist insurgent group that was conceived in 1965 and influenced by Fidel Castro and Che Guevara. The organization was led by left wing Columbian intellectuals. Most typical acts of this terrorist group include kidnappings, bombings, extortion, and guerrilla war against the government. Unknown number of fellow travelers and perhaps as many as 6,000 or so active terrorists. Minor aid from Fidel Castro's Cuba.
Palestine Liberation Front (PLF) Broke away from the PFLP-GC in the 1970s and then split with the pro-Syrian and pro-Libyan factions. Currently led by Abu Abbas and based in Iraq. Known for hand glider attacks on Northern Israel as well as the attack on the Italian liner, Achille Lauro have led to an outstanding warrant for Abbas's arrest by U.S. authorities. The order of battle and current strength of the PLF remains obscure. Received aid from Iraq.
Palestine Liberation Oraganization (PLO) The PLO suspend terrorist operations against Israel following the Oslo Accords. PFLP has refused this move. Sporadic groups loosely associated with the PLO continue attacks on Israel, including suicide attacks in Jerusalem and other cities in Israel. Not Available Saudi Arabia and most nations of the Middle East.
Palestine Islamic Jihad (PIJ) Developed in the Gaza Strip in the 1970s, while not attacking U.S. interests directly in the region, the PIJ did threaten to attack the U.S. Embassy if it was moved from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem. Since mid 2000 the PIJ conducted Israel in the West Bank, the Gaza Strip, and those areas occupied by the IDF. Actual strenght of the PIJ is unknown at this time. Receives aid from Iran and had received logistical support from Asad's Syria, which may have changed with his death.
Red Army Faction (RAF) Small and well disciplined group organized in the 1960s that took over following the arrest of the Baader-Meinhof gang and is a blend of both Marx and Mao. Active in bombings, ambushes, robberies, and kidnappings. Only a handful of members with a few fellow travelers offering support. With the end of the Cold War, the group has hit hard times. Self-supporting, but has received aid from Middle Eastern terrorist organizations and the former East Germany (DDR).
Red Brigades (BR) Formed in 1969 and operates in Italy and throughout Western Europe. Goal is to create a revolututionary state through violence. Has split into two other organizations in the 1980s. Active in kidnappings and assassination; especially with the assassination of PM Aldo Moro in 1974 was one of their main efforts. Perhaps as many as fifty active members, which have been reduced further over time. Receive support from other terrorist organizations in Western Europe and the Middle East.
Revolutionary Armed Forces of Columbia (FARC) Created in 1964 as the militant wing of the Columbia Communist Party and remains the largerst and most effective of Columbia's insurgent groups. Highjackings, murders, assassinations, bombings, and conducting a violent insurgency that still continues. Recently attacked the inauguration of the Columbian President on August 8, 2002. 9,000 to 12,000 hardcore members with untold numbers of supporters in rural Columbia. Some aid comes from Cuba, but how much is open to debate following the collapse of the Soviet Union.
Revolutionary Organization 17 November (17 November) Radical left-wing terrorist group named after the student protest movement in 1973 of the Greek militiary Junta. 17 November was born in 1975 and only recently have been broken as Greece nears the next Olympic Summer Games. Many question why the Greek government has waited so long to arrest the leadership, raising concerns between 17 November and the Greek Socialists. Assassinations and bombings of American, NATO, and Greek officials starting in the 1980s. The OB and actual strength is unknown, but the organization is centered in Athens. Foreign links have not been established.
Sendero Luminoso (Shining Path, SL) Shining Path was the brain child of Abimael Guzman, a former university professor, and was active since the late 1960s. By the 1980s had become one of the most violent  Maoist groups in the Western Hemisphere. Car bombings and assassinations as well as raids on villages driving rural population to the cities. 100 to 200 armed militants remain. Base of operations is rural Peru and receives no external aid.