The First World War marked the end of nineteenth-century liberalism and directly contributed to the scourge of fascism that ravaged Europe later. The long-term consequences of the war are still felt today; for instance, the question of Bosnia, the division of Germany, the rise of the Soviet Union, the coming of the Great Depression, and the Holocaust, all have their origins with the First World War.

Unlike the other glamorous twentieth-century conflict, World War II, the First World War had an important bearing on the cultural, economic, intellectual, political, and social development of both Europe and the World. It is imperative that students understand the Great War within that context if they hope to comprehend the other currents that influenced Europe, Asia, and the United States in the years that followed, especially in the 1920s and 1930s.

The war itself was horrific and the war’s casualties still numb the senses of professional historians and students who attempt to come to grips with the butchery at the front. Yet the lessons of the war are germane for any serious scholar who seeks to understand the twentieth century, particularly the influence the war had upon modern culture, especially film and literature.

If you are willing to enter the troglodyte world of the infantryman, who not only had to fight the enemy, but also his environment, you will find the effort worthwhile as you come to understand how that generation shaped the world in their image.

Select Bibliography on World War I

  • Addington, Larry H. The Blitzkrieg Era and the German General Staff. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 1971
  • Agar, Captain Augustus. Baltic Episode: A Classic of Secret Service in Russian Waters. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 1963.
  • Albrecht-Carrie, Rene. The Meaning of the First World War. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, 1965.
  • Ambrosius, Lloyd E. Woodrow Wilson and the American Diplomatic Tradition. New York: Cambridge, 1987.
  • American Battle Monuments Commission. American Armies and Battlefields in Europe. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1938.
  • Andrew, Christopher. Her Majesty’s Secret Service: The Making of the British Intelligence Community. New York: Viking, 1986.
  • ___. Theophile de Classe and the Making of the Entente Cordiale. New York: Viking, 1970.
  • ___. Defend the Realm: The Authorized History of MI 5. New York: Knopf, 2009.
  • Angell, Norman. The Great Illusion: A Study of Military Power in Nations to their Economic and Social Advantage. New York: G. P. Putnam’s, 1910.
  • Asinof, Eliot. 1919: America’s Loss of Innocence. New York: Donald I. Fine, 1990.
  • Asprey, Robert B. The German High Command at War: Hindenburg and Ludendorff Conduct World War I. New York: Quill/Morrow, 1991.
  • Axelrod, Alan. Selling the Great War: The Making of American Propaganda. New York: Palgrave/Macmillan, 2009.
  • Bailey, Thomas A. and Ryan, Paul A. The Lusitania Disaster: An Episode in Modern Warfare and Diplomacy. New York: Free Press, 1975.
  • Bailey, Thomas A. Woodrow Wilson and the Lost Peace. Chicago: Quadrangle, 1944.
  • ___. Woodrow Wilson and the Great Betrayal. Chicago: Quadrangle, 1945.
  • Balfour, Michael. The Kaiser and His Times. New York: Norton, 1964.
  • Barham, Peter. Forgotten Lunatics of the Great War. New Haven: Yale, 2004.
  • Barnes, Henry Elmer. The Genesis of the World War. New York: Knopf, 1926.
  • Barnett, Correlli. The Sword Bearers: Supreme Command in the First World War. Bloomington: University of Indiana Press, 1963.
  • Barker, Pat. Regeneration. New York: Pulme, 1993.
  • ___. The Eye in the Door. New York: Dutton, 1994.
  • ___. The Ghost Road. New York: Dutton, 1995.
  • Beaverbrook, Lord. Men in Power, 1917-1918. London: Collins, 1956.
  • ___. The Decline and Fall of Lloyd George. New York: Duell, Sloan, Pearce, 1963.
  • Berghahn, V. R. Germany and the Approach to War in 1914. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1973.
  • Berry, Henry. Make The Kaiser Dance: Living Memories of the Doughboy. New York: Arbor House, 1978.
  • Bessel, Richard. Germany After World War I. New York: Oxford, 1993.
  • Bidwell, Shelford and Graham, Dominick. Fire-Power: British Army Weapons and the Theories of War 1904-1945. Boston: Allen and Unwin, 1982.
  • Bond, Brian. War and Society in Europe, 1870-1970. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1983.
  • Bond, Brian and Nigel Cave, eds. Haig: A Re-Appraisal 80 Years on. London: Pen and Sword, 2009.
  • Bourne, J. M. Britain and the Great War, 1914-1918. New York: Edward Arnold, 1989.
  • Bredin, J.M. The Affair: The Case of Alfred Dreyfus. New York: George Brailler, 1986.
  • Britain, Vera. Testament of Youth. New York: Wideview, 1968.
  • Brook-Shepherd, Gordon. The Last Habsburg. New York: Weybright and Talley, 1968.
  • ___. November 1918. Boston: Little, Brown, 1981.
  • Buchan, John. Thirty-Nine Steps. New York: Dover, 1915, 1994.
  • Bushnell, John. Mutiny Amid Repression: Russian Soldiers in the Revolution of 1905-1906. Bloomington: University of Indiana Press, 1985.
  • Cannadine, David. The Decline and Fall of the British Aristocracy. New Haven: Yale, 1990.
  • Carter, Miranda. George, Nicholas and Wilhelm: Three Royal Cousins and the Road to World War I. New York: Knopf, 2009.
  • Cashman, Sean Dennis. America in the Age of Titans: The Progressive Era and World War I. New York: New York University Press, 1988.
  • Café, William H. The Paradox of Change: American Women in the 20th Century. New York: Oxford, 1991.
  • Chambers, John Whiteclay. To Raise an Army: The Draft Comes to Modern America. New York: Free Press, 1987.
  • Charles, Daniel. Master Mind: The Rise and Fall of Fritz Haber, the Noble Laureate Who Launched the Age of Chemical Warfare. New York: Ecco, 2005.
  • Churchill, Winston. The Aftermath. New York: Scribners, 1929.
  • Clark, Andrew. Echoes of the Great War: The Diary of Reverend Andrew Clark, 1914-1919. Edited by James Munson. New York: Oxford, 1985.
  • Clendenen, Clarence C. Blood on the Border: The United States Army and the Mexican Irregulars. New York: Macmillan, 1969.
  • Cobb, Humphrey. Paths of Glory. New York: Viking, 1935.
  • Coffey, Thomas M. Agony at Easter: Te 1916 Irish Uprising. Baltimore: Penguin, 1969.
  • Coffman, Edward M. The War to End All Wars: The American Military Experience in World War I. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1986.
  • ___. Hilt of the Sword: The Career of Payton C. March. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1966.
  • Googan, Tim Pat. The Man Who Made Ireland: The Life and Death of Michael Collins. Niwot, CO: Roberts Rhinehart, 1992.
  • Cooper, John Milton. The Vanity of Power: American Isolationism and World War I, 1914-17. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1969.
  • ___. Pivotal Decades: The United States, 1900-1920. New York: Norton, 1990.
  • ___. Breaking the Heart of the World: Woodrow Wilson and the Fight for the League of Nations. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2001.
  • ___. Woodrow Wilson: A Biography. New York: Random House, 2009.
  • Corum, James S. The Roots of Blitzkrieg: Hans von Seeckt and German Military Reform. Lawrence, KS: Regents Press of Kansas, 1992.
  • Craig, Gordon A. The Politics of the Prussian Army, 1640-1945. New York: Oxford, 1955.
  • Cross, Wilbur. Zeppelins of World War I. New York: Paragon House, 1991.
  • Crutwell, C. R. M. F. A History of the Great War, 1914-1918. London: Paladin, 1934.
  • Czernin, Ferdinand. Versailles, 1919. New York: Putnam’s, 1964.
  • Dallas, Gregor. At the Heart of a Tiger: Clemencau and His World. New York: Carroll and Graff, 1993. 
  • Dangerfield, George. The Strange Death of Liberal England. London: Paladin, 1970.
  • ___. The Damnable Question: One Hundred and Twenty Years of Anglo-Irish Conflict. New York: Atlantic-Little Brown, 1976.
  • Dawley, Alan. Changing the World: American Progressives in War and Revolution. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2003.
  • Dedijer, Vladimir. The Road to Sarajevo. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1966.
  • Deeping, Warwick. Sorrell and Son. New York: Penguin, 1987.
  • De Rosa, Peter. Rebels: The Irish Rising of 1916. Garden City: Doubleday, 1990.
  • DeWeerd, Harvey A. President Wilson Fights His War: World War I and American Intervention. New York: Macmillan, 1968.
  • Dijkstra, Bram. Idols of Perversity: Fantasies of Feminine Evil in Fin-de-Siecle Culture. New York: Oxford, 1986.
  • Doenecke, Justus D. Nothing Less Than War: A New History of America's Entery into World War I. Lexington: Kentucky, 2011.
  • Duroselle, Jean-Baptiste. From Wilson to Roosevelt: Foreign Policy of the United States, 1913-1945. New York: Harper and Row, 1963.
  • Dyer, Geoff. The Missing of the Somme. New York: Vintage, 1994.
  • Eisenhower, John S. D. Intervention: The United States and the Mexican Revolution, 1913-1917. New York: Norton, 1993.
  • ___. Yanks: The Epic Story of the American Army in World War I. New York: Simon and Schuster, 2001.
  • Eksteins, Modris. Rites of Spring: The Great War and the Birth of the Modern Age. New York: Houghton Mifflin, 1989.
  • Ellis, John. Eye-Deep In Hell: Trench Warfare in World War I. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins, 1976.
  • ___. The Social History of the Machine Gun. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins, 1976.
  • Empey, Arthur Guy. Over The Top! New York: G. P. Putnam’s, 1917.
  • Engelstein, Laura. The Keys to Happiness: Sex and the Search for Modernity in Fin-de-Siecle Russia. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1992.
  • Ensor, Robert. England, 1870-1914. New York: Clarendon Press, 1936.
  • Eyck, Erich. A History of the Weimar Republic, I: From The Collapse of the Empire to Hindenburg’s Election. New York: Atheneum, 1970.
  • Falls, Cyril. The First World War. London: Longman’s, 1960.
  • Farmborough, Florence. With the Armies of the Tsar: A Nurse at the Russian Front, 1914-1918. New York: Stein and Day, 1975.
  • Farrar-Hockley, Anthony. Death of an Army. London: Wordsworth, 1967.
  • Farwell, Byron. The Great War in Africa, 1914-1918. New York: Norton, 1986.
  • ___. The Great Anglo-Boer War. New York: Harper and Row, 1976.
  • ___. Mr. Kipling’s Army: All The Queen’s Men. New York: Norton, 1981..
  • ___. Queen Victoria’s Little Wars. New York: Norton, 1972.
  • ___. Over There: The United States in the Great War, 1917-1918. New York: Norton, 1999.
  • Fay, Sidney B. The Origins of the World War. 2 vols. New York: Macmillan, 1928.
  • Ferguson, Nial. The Pity of War: Explaining World War I. New York: Basic Books, 1998.
  • Ferrell, Robert H. Woodrow Wilson and World War I, 1917-1921. New York: Harper and Row, 1985.
  • Ferro, Marc. The Great War, 1914-1918. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1969.
  • ___. Nicholas II: The Last of the Tsars. New York: Oxford, 1993.
  • Finnegan, John Patrick. Against the Specter of a Dragon: The Campaign for American Preparedness 1914-1917. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1974.
  • Fischer, Fritz. Germany’s War Aims in the First World War. New York: Norton, 1961.
  • ___. World Power or Decline. New York: Norton, 1974.
  • ___. War or Illusions: German Policies from 1911 to 1914. New York: Norton, 1975.
  • Fleming, D. F. The Origins and Legacies of World War I. New York: Fawcett, 1968.
  • Fleming, Thomas. The Illusion of Victory: America in World War I. New York: Basic Books, 2003.
  • Ford, Roger. Eden to Armageddon: World War I in the Middle East. New York: Pegasus Books, 2010.
  • Forester, C. S. The General. Baltimore: Nautical and Aviation, 1982.
  • Fredette, Raymond H. The Sky on Fire: The First Battle of Britian, 1917-1918. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1966.
  • Freud, Sigmund and Bullitt, William C. Thomas Woodrow Wilson: A Psychological Study. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1966.
  • Fromkin, David. A Peace to End All Peace: Creating the Modern Middle East, 1914-1922. New York: Henry Holt, 1989.
  • ___. Europe's Last Summer: Who Started the Great War in 1914? New York: Knopf, 2004.
  • Fuller, William C. Jr. Civil Military Conflict in Imperial Russia 1881-1914. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1985.
  • Groom, Winston. A Storm in Flanders The Ypres Salient, 1914-1918: Tragedy and Triumph on the Western Front. New York: Atlantic Monthly Press, 2002.
  • Hale, Oron J. The Great Illusion, 1900-1914. New York: Harper and Row, 1971.
  • Hanson, Neil. Unknown Soldiers: The Story of the Missing of the First World War. New York: Knopf, 2005
  • ___. Monk Eastman: The Gangster Who Became a War Hero. New York: Knopf, 2010
  • Harries, Meirion and Susie. The Last Days of Innocence: America at War, 1917-1918. New York: Random House, 1997.
  • Hasek, Jarolav. The Good Soldier: Schweik. New York: F. Unger, 1930.
  • Hawley, Ellis. The Great War and the Search for a Modern Order: A History of the American People and their Institutions, 1917-1933. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1979.
  • Heckscher, August. Woodrow Wilson: A Biography. New York: Scribners, 1991.
  • Helprin, Mark. A Soldier of the Great War: A Novel. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1991.
  • Heenan, Louise Erwin. Russia’s Democracy’s Fatal Blunder: The Summer Offensive of 1917. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1987.
  • Heller, Charles E. Chemical Warfare in World War I: The American Experience. Washington: GPO, 1984.
  • Herwig, Holger H. ‘Luxury Fleet’: The Imperial German Navy, 1888-1918. Baltimore: Nautical and Aviation, 1981.
  • ___., Ed. The Outbreak of World War I. Lexington, MA: D. C. Heath, 1991.
  • ___. The First World War; Germany and Austria. New York: Arnold, 1998.
  • ___. The Marne, 1914: The Opening of World War I and the Battle that Changed the World. New York: Random House, 2009.
  • Hobsbawm, Eric. The Age of Empire, 1875-1914. New York: Vintage, 1987.
  • Hochschild, Adam. To End All Wars: A Story of Loyalty and Rebellion, 1914-1918. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2011.
  • Hodgson, Godfrey. The Colonel: The Life and Wars of Henry L. Stimson, 1867-1950. New York: Knopf, 1990.
  • Hopkirk, Peter. The Great Game: The Struggle for Empire in Central Asia. New York: Kodansha International, 1992.
  • ___. Like Hidden Fire: The Plot to Bring Down the British Empire. New York: Kodansha International, 1994.
  • Horne, Alistair. The Price of Glory: Verdun 1916. New York: Penguin, 1962.
  • ___. The Fall of Paris: The Siege and the Commune, 1870-1871. New York: Penguin, 1965.
  • ___. Death of a Generation: Neuve Chapelle to Verdun and the Somme. New York: American Heritage Press, 1970.
  • Hough, Richard. The Great War at Sea, 1914-1918. New York: Oxford, 1986.
  • ___. The Great Dreadnought: The Strange Story of the Mightiest Battleship of World War I. New York: Harper and Row, 1966.
  • Howard, Michael. The Franco-Prussian War. New York: Methuen, 1961.
  • Hynes, Samuel. A War Imagined: The First World War and English Culture. New York: Atheneum, 1990.
  • Jannen, William Jr. The Lions of July: Prelude to War, 1914. Novato: Presidio, 1996.
  • Jenkins, Roy. Asquith. New York: E. P Dutton, 1964.
  • Joll, James. The Origins of the Great War. New York: Longman, 1984.
  • Johnston, Hurbert C. Breakthrough!: Tactics, Technology, and the Search for Victory on the Western Front in World War I. Novato, CA: Presidio Press, 1994.
  • Junger, Ernest. The Storm of Steel: From the Diary of a German Storm-Troop Officer on the Western Front. New York: Fertig, 1975.
  • Keegan, John. Face of Battle. New York: New York: Viking, 1976.
  • Keene, Jennifer D. Doughboys, the Great War, and the Remaking of America. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2001.
  • Keep, John L. H. The Russian Revolution: A Study in Mass Mobilization. New York: Norton, 1976.
  • Keiger, John F. V. France and the Origins of the First World War. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1983.
  • Kennan, George F. The Decline of Bismarck’s European Order: Franco-Rrussian Relations, 1875-1890. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1979.
  • ___. The Fateful Alliance: France, Russia, and the Coming of the First World War. New York: Pantheon, 1984.
  • Kennedy, Paul and Fischer, Fritz, eds. The War Plans of the Great Powers, 1880-1914. Boston: Allen and Unwin, 1979.
  • Kennedy, David. Over Here: The First World War and American Society. New York: Oxford, 1980.
  • Kennedy, Paul. Strategy and Diplomacy, 1870-1945. London: Fontana, 1983.
  • ___. The Rise of the Anglo-American Antagonisms, 1860-1914. London: Allen and Unwin, 1980.
  • Kennett, Lee. The First Air War, 1914-1918. New York: Free Press, 1991.
  • Kent, Bruce. The Spoils of War: The Politics, Economics, and Diplomacy of Reparations, 1918-1932. London: Oxford, 1989.
  • Kettle, Michael. The Allies and the Russian Collapse, March 1917-March 1918. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1981.
  • Keynes, John Maynard. The Economic Consequences of the Peace. New York: Penguin, 1920.
  • Kinross, Lord. Ataturk: A Biography of Mustafa Kemal, the Father of Modern Turkey. New York: Quill, 1964.
  • Kitchen, Martin. A Military History of Germany. Secaucus, NJ: Te Citidal Press, 1975.
  • Klingaman, William. 1919: The Year our World Began. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1987.
  • Knox, Sir Alfred. With The Russian Army, 1914-1918. 2 Vols. New York: E. P. Dutton, 1921.
  • Knoch, Thomas J. To End Wars: Woodrow Wilson and the Quest for a World Order. New York: Oxford, 1992.
  • Koch, H. W, ed. The Origins of the First World War: Great Power Rivalry and German War Aims. 2nd Editiion. St. Martin’s Press, 1984.
  • Kocka, Jurgen. Facing Total War: German Society 1914-1918. Cambridge: Harvard, 1984.
  • Korte, Barbara, ed. The Penguin Book of First World War Stories. New York: Penguin, 2007.
  • Kramer, Alan. Dynamics of Destruction: Culture and Mass Killing in the First World War. New York: Oxford, 2007.
  • Lafore, Lawrence. The Long Fuse: An Interpretation of World War I. New York: Lippincott, 1965.
  • Langer, William L. European Alliances and Alignments, 1871-1890. New York: Vintage, 1931.
  • Laqueur, Walter and Mosse, George L., eds. 1914: The Coming of the First World War. New York: Harper and Row, 1966.
  • Laskin, David. The Long Way Home: An American Journey from Ellis Island to the Great War. New York: Harper, 2010.
  • Lawrence, Joseph Douglas. Fighting Soldier: The AEF in 1918. Boulder, CO: Colorado, 1985.
  • Lawrence, T. E. Seven Pillars of Wisdom: A Triumph. New York: Anchor/Doubleday, 1935.
  • Lee, David D. Sergeant York: An American Hero. Lexington: University of Kentucky Press, 1985.
  • Leed, Eric J. No Man’s Land: Combat and Identity in World War I. New York: Cambridge, 1979.
  • Le Naour, Jean-Yves. The Living Unknown: A Story of Grief and the Great War. New York: Metropolitan Books, 2004.
  • Lenin, V. I. Imperialism: The Highest Stage of Capitalism. New York: International, 1939.
  • Lentin, A. Lloyd George, Woodrow Wilson and the Guilt of Germany: An Essay in the Prehistory of Appeasement. Baton Rouge: Leichester University Press, 1984.
  • Le Queux, William. Spies of the Kaiser: Plotting the Downfall of England. London: Frank Cass, 1909.
  • Levitch, Mark. Patheon de la Guerre: Reconfiguring a Panorama of the Great War. Columbia: Missouri, 2006. 
  • Lewis, David Levering. The Race to Fashoda: European Colonialism and African Resistance in the Scramble for Africa. New York: Wiedenfield and Nicolson, 1987.
  • Liddle, Peter, ed. Home Fires and Foreign Fields: British Social and Military Experience in the First World War. London: Brassey’s, 1985.
  • ___. The Battle of the Somme: A Reappraisal. London: Leo Copper, 1992.
  • Lieven, D. C. B. Russia and the Origins of the First World War. London: Macmillan, 1983.
  • Link, Arthur S. Woodrow Wilson: A Brief Biography. Chicago: Quadrangle, 1963.
  • ___. Wilson the Diplomatist: A Look at his Major Foreign Policies. Chicago: Quadrangle, 1957.
  • ___. Wilson: The Road to the White House. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1947.
  • ___. Woodrow Wilson and the Progressive Era, 1910-1917. New York: Harper and Row, 1954.
  • Little, Arthur W. From Harlem to the Rhine: The Story of the New York’s Colored Volunteers. New York: Covici Friede, 1936.
  • Lord, John. Duty, Honor, Empire: The Life and Times of Colonel Richard Meinertzhagen. New York: Random House,1970.
  • Lussu, Emilio. Sardinian Brigade: A Memoir of World War I. New York: Grove Press, 1939.
  • MacDonald, Lyn. The Roses of No Man’s Land. New York: Atheneum, 1980.
  • ___. They Called It Passchendaele. London: Michael Joseph, 1978.
  • ___. Somme. London: Michael Joseph, 1983.
  • ___. 1914: The First Months of Fighting. New York: Atheneum, 1988.
  • ___. 1915: The Death of Innocence. London: Headline, 1993.
  • ___. To the Last Man: Spring 1918. New York: Carroll and Graf, 1998.
  • MacIntyre, Ben. The Englishman’s Daughter: A True Story of Love and Betrayal in World War I. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2001.
  • Macmillan, Margaret. Paris 1919: Six Months that Changed the World. New York: Random House, 2002.
  • McKay, Ruddock F. Fisher of Kilverstone. London: Clarendon Press, 1973.
  • McMeekin, Sean. The Berlin-Baghdad Express: The Ottoman Empire and Germany's Bid for World Power. Harvard, 2010.
  • Manning, Frederic. The Middle Parts of Fortune. London, Buchanan and Enright, 1978.
  • ___. Her Privates We. New York: Putnam’s, 1930.
  • Marder, Arthur. From the Dreadnought to Scapa Flow, V. I, 1904-1914: The Road to War. London: Oxford, 1961.
  • ___. From Dreadnought to Scapa Flow, V. 3, May 1916-December 1916: Jutland and After. London: Oxford, 1966.
  • Marwick, Arthur. The Duluge: British Society and the First World War. New York: Norton,1965.
  • Massie, Robert K. Dreadnought: Britain, Germany, and the Coming of the Great War. New York: Random House, 1991.
  • ___. Castles of Steel: Britain, Germany, and the Winning of the Great War at Sea. New York: Random House, 2003.
  • May, Ernest K. The World War and American Isolation, 1914-1917. Chicago: Quadrangle, 1959.
  • ___. The End of American Innocence: A Study of theFrist Years of Our Own Time. Chicago: Quadrangle, 1964.
  • Mayer, Arno J. Wilson vs Lenin: The Origins of the New Diplomacy, 1917-1918. New York: Meridan Books, 1964.
  • ___. Politics and the Diplomacy of Peacemaking: Containment and Counter Revolution at Versailles, 1918-1919. New York: Vintage, 1967.
  • ___. The Persistence of the Old Regime: Europe to the Great War. New York: Pantheon, 1981.
  • Mee, Charles L., Jr. The End of Order: Versailles, 1919. New York: E. P. Dutton, 1980.
  • Menning, Bruce W. Bayonets before Bullets: The Imperial Russian Army, 1861-1914. Bloomington: University of Indiana Press, 1992.
  • Middlebrook, Martin. First Day on the Somme: 1 July 1916. New York: Norton, 1972.
  • Miller, Steven E., ed. Military Strategy and the First World War. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1985.
  • Millett, Allan R. and Murray, Williamson, eds. Military Effectiveness, V. I, The First World War. Boston: Unwin and Hyman, 1988.
  • Millet, Allan R. The General: Robert L. Bullard and Officership in the United States Army, 1881-1925. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1975.
  • Millis, Walter. Road to War: America 1914-1917. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1935.
  • Mitchell, William. Winged Defense: The Development and Possibilities of Modern Air Power Economic and Miliary. New York: Dover, 1925.
  • Moorehead, Alan. Gallipoli. New York: Harper and Brothers, 1956.
  • Moorhouse, Geoffrey. Hell’s Foundations: A Social History of Bury in the Aftermath of the Gallipoli Campaign. New York: Henry Holt, 1992.
  • Morton, Frederic. Thunder at Twilight: Vienna 1913-1914. New York: Norton, 1989.
  • Morrow, John H. The Great War in the Air: Miliary Avaition from 1909 to 1921. Washington: Smithsonian, 1993.
  • Mosse, George L. Fallen Soldiers: Reshaping the Memory of the World Wars. New York: Oxford, 1990.
  • Mostert, Noel. Frontiers: The Epic of South Africa’s Creation and the Tragedy of the Xhosa Peoples. New York: Knopf, 1992.
  • Nash, George H. The Life of Herbert Hoover: The Humanitarian Years. New York: Norton, 1988.
  • Neiberg, Michael S. Fighting the Great War: A Global History. Cambridge: Harvard, 2005.
  • ___. Dance of the Furies: Europe and the Outbreak of World War I. Cambridge: Belknap/Harvard, 2011.
  • Nicholls, Jonathan. Cheerful Sacrifice: The Battle of Arras, 1917. London: Leo Cooper, 1990.
  • Nicolson, Harold. Peacemaking 1919. New York: Grossett and Dunlap, 1965.
  • Nordholt, Jan Willem Schulte. Woodrow Wilson: A Life fro World Peace. Los Angeles: California, 1991.
  • O’Shea, Stephen. Back to the Front: An Accidental Historian Walks the Trenches of World War I. New York: Walker, 1996.
  • Pakenham, Thomas. The Boer War. New York: Random House, 1979.
  • ___. The Scramble for Africa: The White Man’s Conquest from 1876 to 1912. New York: Random House, 1991.
  • Paschall, Rod. The Defeat of Imperial Gemany, 1917-1918. Chapel Hill: Algonquin, 1989.
  • Pershing, John J. My Experiences in the Great War. 2 Vols. New York: Frederick A. Stokes, 1931.
  • Persico, Joseph E. 11th Month 11th Day 11th Hour: Armistice Day, 1918; World War I and Its Violent Climax. New York: Random House, 2004.
  • Peterson, H. C. and Fite, Gilbert C. Opponents of War, 1917-1918. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1957.
  • Pitt, Barrie. 1918: The Last Act. New York: Norton, 1962.
  • Powell, Geoffrey. Plumer: The Soldier's General. London: Pen and Sword, 1990.
  • Preston, Diana. Lusitania: An Epic Tragedy. New York: Walker, 2002.
  • Prior, Robin and Wilson, Trevor. Command on the Western Front. London: Blackwell, 1992.
  • ___. Passchendaele: The Untold Story. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1996.
  • ___. The Somme. New Haven: Yale, 2005.
  • Proctor, Tammy M. Female Intelligence: Women and Espionage in the First World War. New York: NYU Press, 2003.
  • Pugsley, Christopher. On the Fringe of Hell: New Zealanders and Military Discipline in the First Wold War. Aukland: Hodder and Stoughton, 1990.
  • Quirk, Robert E. An Affair of Honor: Woodrow Wilson and the Occupation of Veracruz. New York: Norton, 1962.
  • Rabinowitch, Alexander. The Bolsheviks Come to Power: The Revolution of 1917 in Petrograd. New York: Norton, 1962.
  • Remak, Joachim. Sarajevo: The Story of a Political Murder. New York: Criterion Books, 1959.
  • Remarque, Erich Maria. All Quiet On The Western Front. New York: Fawcett Crest, 1929.
  • Riaboff, Alexander. Gatchina Days: Reminiscences of a Russian Pilot. Washington: Smithsonian,1986.
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